The Russian Federation if one of the largest suppliers of wild marine mammals to marine parks around the world and has several of its own captive dolphin and whale facilities.
With an ever expanding market in the Far East, especially China, there is continued demand for cetaceans, especially beluga whales and orcas. Each year Russia are given a capture quota allowing animals to be taken from the wild "for scientific, cultural and educational purposes" and Russia takes full advantage of this quota, and more! And it's not just the Far East market who are showing interest. A US facility, representing a breeding consortium of five other public display facilities including the three SeaWorld parks, applied to import 18 beluga whales which were being held in Russia as part of their live-capture and beluga fisheries programme. To date, this import has not been authorised.
There are plans for yet more facilities in Russia featuring captive dolphins and whales and yet still there are no laws in place to protect the welfare of these animals – despite the fact that this country still has travelling dolphins/whale shows (currently there are around 10 travelling shows in total.) The animals are moved from city to city in trucks, spending days in tiny tanks with no ability to move around – touring for sometimes up to 6 weeks at a time. Many die en-route.
In the wild orcas can live for decades, in captivity they may not even reach 10 years of age. This continued demand means that, certainly in Russia, even more cetaceans will be sentenced to a life in captivity, confined to barren tanks, devoid of stimulation and face a shortened lifespan, all for public entertainment.